Perspectives on the state, power and politics.
Marx gave us a theory of society, an explanation of how society works, of how and why history has unfolded, and especially an account of the nature of capitalism. These are of great value for the task of describing what is going on in the world and for understanding the problems and directions of our society today. (Nash, 1982)
By looking at Capitalism in respect to the power of the State it is notable that Australia contains many corporate players that dominate and exploit power and use their economic influence to control and manipulate Political climates. An example of this is Australian media and who controls majority ownership. Images below show statistics
In our era Marxists stress the role of the media in reinforcing the dominant ideology, especially by not giving space to fundamental criticisms of capitalist society or giving biased support to Political parties.
In any class society there will be a dominant ideology, which will be made up of the ideas which it suits the dominant class for people to hold. The acceptance of these perspectives and values by the working class is also referred to as “hegemony”. (Gramsci, 2014). The media while being a tool for individuals for making many comparisons and come to certain understandings regarding Political parties is intrinsic in creating what Gramsci calls ‘commonsense’ This is hegemony as commonsense – quite simply, the ideas of the dominant political and economic class becomes those that are most widely accepted in society.
The media will continue to influence public opinion, social policy and governments. Perhaps media ownership would be an important issue to consider in building a pluralist society? (Nash, 1982) What would the media industry look like in a pluralist society? I beleive that the news media should provide a range of views and opinions, contradictory as well as complementary, to allow informed citizens to effectively take part in the democratic process.
Gramsci, A. (2014). Power,Politics, Resistance. In K. Nash, Globalization,Politics, and Power (pp. 1-8). UWS.
Nash, K. (1982). Contemporary Political Society. Wiley-Blackwell.